What Is Blood Pressure?
Blood pressure refers to the force of your blood pushing against the walls of your arteries as it flows through them. With each heartbeat, blood that has low oxygen levels is pumped from your heart through your arteries to the lungs where oxygen supplies are replenished.
This oxygen-rich blood is then pumped from the heart and sent round your body to give it the energy and oxygen it needs.
Your blood pressure is highest when your heart beats as it pumps the blood. This is known as systolic pressure. But when your heart is at rest, between beats, your blood pressure falls, this is known as diastolic pressure. Your blood pressure is read using these two numbers. The systolic number usually comes before or above the diastolic pressure.
High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure, which is also known as hypertension, refers to a situation where a person’s arteries are receiving too much pressure repeatedly. A hypertension diagnosis is usually made when the pressure is chronically elevated. Chronic here means sustained or persistent.
Anyone with a blood pressure of 140/90 mmHg or more for a sustained period is said to have developed high blood pressure, or hypertension.
If your blood pressure becomes chronically high, it puts a strain on your arteries (and your heart) and if left uncontrolled and untreated, this may lead to many health problems.
According to the American Heart Association, approximately 85 million people in America have high blood pressure. This is about 1 in every 3 adults over 20. In Nigeria, it is about 1 in every 4 male adults and 1 in every 5 female adults.
The National Institute of Health (NIH) estimates that about two-thirds of people over the age of 65 have high blood pressure.
High blood pressure generally develops over a long period of time (over many years). You can have the condition for years without even knowing about it as the symptoms are not usually obvious. But that does not stop the continuous damage to your blood vessels and your heart.
This is the reason one should go for checkup regularly and always take some home remedies for hypertension for prevention and treatment, eat healthily and also live a healthy lifestyle.
Classes of Blood Pressure
Blood pressure is categorized into five:
- Hypotension (Low Blood Pressure)
Systolic mmHg 90 or less, or
Diastolic mmHg 60 or less
Systolic mmHg 90 to 119, and
Diastolic mmHg 60 to 79
Systolic mmHg 120 to 139, or
Diastolic mmHg 80 to 89
- Stage 1 Hypertension
Systolic mmHg 140 to 159, or
Diastolic mmHg 90 to 99
- Stage 2 Hypertension
Systolic mmHg over 160, or
Diastolic mmHg over 100
Types of High Blood Pressure
There are two main types of high blood pressure; primary and secondary
- Primary or Essential High Blood Pressure: This type is the most common. It develops gradually over time as you get older.
- Secondary High Blood Pressure: This type occurs as a result of another medical condition or use of certain medications. It can be controlled by fixing the issue that is causing it.
Symptoms Of High Blood Pressure
For most people with high blood pressure, no symptoms will be visibly seen until levels reach about 180/110 mmHg.
Symptoms of high blood pressure include:
- Nausea: a feeling of unease and discomfort in the stomach with an urge to vomit.
- Vomiting: usually not as common as nausea.
- Headache: usually lasts for several days.
- Dizziness: unsteadiness, lightheadedness, and vertigo are experienced.
- Blurred or double vision (diplopia)
- Palpitations: irregular and/or forceful heartbeat
- Epistaxis: nose bleeding.
- Dyspnea: shortness of breath, breathlessness
See the doctor immediately if you have these symptoms
Complications You Must Know
When hypertension is neither controlled nor treated, the excessive pressure on the artery walls can lead to damage of the blood vessels resulting in cardiovascular disease. It can also affect other vital organs in the body.
Some of the possible complications that result from long term, untreated high blood pressure include vision loss, heart attack, heart failure, stroke, blood clot, metabolic syndrome, kidney disease, aneurism, cognitive and memory problems.
Don’t wait till you start experiencing these symptoms, treat high blood pressure with this natural solution.
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